What is the National Action Plan for Human Rights?

PURPOSE:

Called for by the 1993 Vienna Declaration and Programme, the development and implementation of national action plans on human rights serve a number of important purposes:
     
  • The NAP serves national mechanisms, laws and policy frameworks and action plans, designed for the practical promotion and protection of human rights. It serves to underline that the promotion and protection of human rights is not only a matter of international law, but also a public policy objective that requires planning and resource allocations.
  • It is an opportunity to raise awareness of human rights issues among government officials, security authorities, civil society organizations and the public. A plan’s effectiveness relies on high-level support within government, a transparent and participatory consultation process, realistic prioritization and action-oriented planning, clear success criteria and strong participatory mechanisms for monitoring and evaluation, and adequate commitment of resources.
  • The NAP is also an opportunity to promote linkages with other national programmes, notably the implementation of recommendations emanating from the third Universal Periodic Review (UPR) cycle and the realization of the SDGs, and with the mandate and functions of the National Human Rights Commission, including the Committee on the Prevention of Torture (NHRC/NPM).

HISTORY & CONTENT

The first National Action Plan for Human Rights in Lebanon (NAP) was approved in 2014. It was developed under the supervision of by the Parliamentary Human Rights Committee, in cooperation with the Regional Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The NAP outlined a set of ambitious goals in 21 priority areas identified in light of human rights obligations enshrined in the Constitution, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and international treaties ratified by Lebanon. The National Plan also set short, medium- and longer-term objectives, policy and actions recommendations, to be implemented by all relevant constitutional, civil society and international stakeholders during the six-year period that followed its 2014 adoption, each within their respective fields of competence:
   
  • Parliament
  • The Executive (the Council of Ministers and public administration, including the military agencies)
  • The Judiciary
  • Civil society organizations
  • International organizations

How is the National Action Plan being revised and updated?

With the expiration of its six-year implementation period in 2020, the time has come to evaluate and update the National Action Plan for Human Rights in light of the legal, social, political, administrative and judicial developments. 

The NAP revision process is composed of three phases:

Phase I: Document Review: whereby citizens at large, in addition to experts representing all concerned stakeholders will review the previous NAP and suggest modifications to the current text by April 30, 2021. All comments and suggestions will be appropriately compiled into a new draft NAP that will be posted on this website in mid-May 2021 for additional comments and suggestions until June 15, 2021. Stay posted!

Phase II (by June 15, 2021): Debate Review within 6 Working Groups representing the 6 main clusters of rights of the NAP: Justice; Civil & Political rights; Economic, Social and Cultural rights; Non-discrimination - rights of vulnerable groups; Rights of Migrants, Displaced and Refugees; Mechanisms for protecting human rights and following-up on the implementation of the national plan. The membership of the Working Groups will be established by the Coordination Committee and will include all relevant expert stakeholders: 
  • Parliamentary committees
  • Ministries, public administrations and security agencies.
  • Independent administrations/institutions, including the National Human Rights Institution
  • Independent bodies, the judiciary
  • Civil society organizations
  • International organizations and agencies
  • Independent experts

Phase III: Drafting and approval of the final version of the NAP:  a new draft of the NAP that incorporates all suggestions and conclusions of the debates within the Phase II working groups is presented for approval to the Coordination Committee. In turn, the Committee transmits the new NAP to the relevant authorities and parties concerned with its implementation for adoption and required commitments. 

Who is Coordinating the Review Effort?
The NAP for Human Rights in Lebanon revision and evaluation process guarantees a comprehensive and consultative process, through the establishment of a Coordination Committee that oversees and manages the process. The Committee is composed of:
   
  • The Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee for Human Rights (Chair)
  • The Chair of the Parliamentary Committee for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
  • Representatives of the national mechanism for reporting and follow-up within Government (a representative of the Council of Minister and of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
  • A representative of the President of the Supreme Judicial Council
  • The Chairman of the National Human Rights Committee, including the Committee on the Prevention of Torture.


The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the United Nations Development Programme are providing technical support to the process.

How Can I Contribute?

To contribute to this important national process, you can:
  • Download the full text of the NAP or a chapter of the freedoms and rights of your choice
  • Insert your inputs/comments in “track changes” and
  • Return the document by email to: comments@naphr-lb.org . If you prefer, you can also send us your comments and inputs directly through the contact section
Full text of the National Human Rights Plan in: pdf / word

Thematic Chapters:
1. Chapter 1 on Justice
This chapter includes:
  • The independence of the judiciary 
  •  The principles of investigation and detention, torture and inhuman treatment 
  •  Forced disappearance 
  •  Prisons and detention facilities 
  •  Death penalty.
2. Chapter 2 on Civil and Political Rights
Civil and Political RightsThis chapter includes:
  • Freedom of expression, opinion and the media
  • The freedom of association 
  •  Protection from interference with the right to privacy and prohibition of wiretapping
3. Chapter 3 on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
This chapter includes: 
  • The right to work and social security
  • The right to health
  • The right to education
  • The right to housing
  • The Right to culture
  • The right to a healthy environment.
4. Chapter 4 on Non- Discrimination: Rights of Vulnerable Groups
This chapter focuses on: 
  • Women’s rights
  • Children’s rights
  • The rights of persons with disabilities
5. Chapter 5 on Rights of Migrants, Displaced and Refugees
This chapter includes:
  • The rights of migrant workers 
  • The social and economic rights of non-Palestinian refugees
  • The social and economic rights of Palestinian refugees.
6. Chapter 6 on Mechanisms for the Protection of Human Rights
This chapter tackles the mechanisms and procedures necessary to guarantee implementation, 
enhancement and protection of human rights in Lebanon.
  1. Freedom of conscience and belief / the civil state and the abolition of sectarianism;
  2. Combating poverty and the rights associated with it, such as the right to food;
  3. Protection from human trafficking;
  4. Syrian Refugees.

Contact the Coordination Committee

Please send us your comments, inputs, suggestions.